Art Vocabulary is our new column devoted to the most important concepts in the world of arts. Each week we take a letter and explain a few art terms that begin with it, sharing with you the meaning of those words, giving examples and interesting case stories. If you like to discover the art world from A to Z, feel free to join us.
Today we start with Z, so that it doesn’t look too predictable. And, yes, we won’t go
alphabetically — let it be a small weekly surprise for our readers.
Zinc White — a colour pigment that was first accepted by painters in the 18th century as a water colour. Such artists as Vincent Van Gogh, Edouard Manet, Edward Munch and
Amedeo Modigliani used Zinc White on the regular in their works. Zinc White is often
compared to Titanium White as they both seem to be about the same colour but not quite,
actually. While Titanium White has excellent opacity and dense texture, Zinc White is rather
more transparent and even translucent, so as you can see, the colors should be used for
different purposes. The disadvantage of Zinc White that if used extensively, it makes oil
paint brittle, so the paints can peel off after a while. Another name for Zinc White is Chinese White.
Zabludowicz Collection &
Art Trust — a philanthropic endeavor that consists of a constantly growing collection of art works and a complementary program of different kinds ofevents. With its home at the heart of NY, at famous Times Square, 1500 Broadway, thecollection represents a few thousand works from North America and Europe that refer to four decades in the history of arts. Co-founded by Anita and Chaim ‘Poju’ Zabludowicz in 1994,
the Art Trust supports young artists through initiating residency programs in UK, US and
Finland and contributes significantly to the sphere of arts by sponsoring important openings
and events. For example, two rooms of Tate Modern opened in May 2000 were supported
by Zabludowicz Collection as well as the first SUNDAY art fair in London in October 2010.
Zeng Fanzhi — a Chinese contemporary artist who lives and works in Beijing. Born in 1964 in Hubei, he graduated from the local Hubei Academy of Fine Arts, where he was largely
influenced by Expressionism. His emotional paintings can be distinguished by deep
psychological meanings implied and turn-inside-out manner that allows us to experience all
the inner feelings of the character depicted. Zeng Fanzhi enters the Top-10 most expensive
living contemporary artists from China. His works are kept in the collections of Larry
Gagosian Gallery and Saatchi Gallery and frequently auctioned off at Sotheby’s and
Group Zero — an artist group founded in Düsseldorf in 1957 by Otto Piene and Heinz Mack.
The Group 0 emerged in contrast to the subjectivist approach of such movements as
tachisme and art informel prevailing at that time. A contrario, Zero felt like opening new
forms of perception by using light, movement and other unconventional methods in art. By
the way, the name refers to the countdown for a rocket launch and means to symbolize a
new beginning. Such artists as Yves Klein, Jean Tinguely, Pol Bury, Daniel Spoerri and
Gunther Uecker are known to have associated Zero and/or even exhibited with the Group.
Related terms: Zero as a name for the movement and the journal of the Group which was
published thrice until the decay of the Group’s activity in 1966.
TEXT / Julia Kryshevich /